Due to unprecedented heavy raining this week for continuous 5 days and reservoirs reaching spill levels, flooding started again causing displacement of the people in the Eastern Districts of Trincomalee, Ampara and Batticaloa for the second time within a month for some people.
While others blame the Mother Nature for choosing to bring sufferings to the people in the East, we looked at the main reasons for the flooding.
One of the main reasons is the non-availability of proper drainage infrastructure system and other reasons are reduction of the water carrying capacity of the reservoirs/tanks and also blockage/clogging of the limited available system due to lack of actions and maintenance by the authorities.
The blockage is caused mainly by the encroachment of the Government lands through which surface water used to reach the sea and/or unplanned construction of the buildings obstructing natural flow of water.
It is understood that people are afraid to sleep at night in the low lying areas that are prone to flooding as there is no proper warning systems in place to alert people in case of flooding at night.
This shows legal and institutional aspects which need to be addressed in order to avoid re-occurrence of such flooding in the future. It is hard to fully eliminate the flooding under the circumstances, but if the relevant Authorities play their respective roles, we are sure that the flooding can be controlled in the future.
The meteorological experts have indicated that the raining is caused by the ‘La Nina’ event in the Pacific Ocean and is likely to persist until May 2011 which will most likely to decline afterwards.
Also Refer to Thinakaran 03 Feb 2011
Shakthi News Updates on 8 Feb 2011:
- Anuradhapura, Pollonnaruwa, Ampara, Batticaloa and Trincomalee areas have been badly affected by fresh floods in the last 2 days.
- In the Trincomalee district, especially Pulmodai, Kinniya and Mutur (Seruvilla, Varugal etc) areas have been badly affected. In Batticaloa district, Vavunatheevu and Eravur areas worstly affected.
- Number of death due to floods rises to 14 island wide.
- Owining to extreme weather island wide, approximately 193,000 people displaced who are housed at 703 camps and 1,132,000 people were affected.
- Landslides reported in Nuwara Eliya affecting houses and transporations in the district.